2. DEFINITION OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
2.1 CATAGORIES OF BIOMEDICAL HAZARDS
3. PROBLEMS REALETING TO BIOMEDICAL WASTE
3.1 DUMPING OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
3.2. HEALTH ISSUE
3.3. ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
4. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOR SAFE ENVIRONMENT AND JUDGEMENTS
The issue of Biomedical Waste was discussed first in International level by World Health Organization, Regional Office of Europe in the year 1983 at Bergen , Norway.
When we talked about environmental pollution, we know that many kinds waste products were generated from Industries sectors, automobiles sectors, Medicals/ Nursing homes and from our homes etc that caused pollution in the air, water and land and spread diseases like Asthma, Hepatitis B and C, jaundice, malaria etc. Even though Government has framed different polices to control the every kind pollution but still somewhere due to the loopholes in law, we fail to control pollution.
Due to modernization and a fast growing population , life of peoples become so busy and hectic that no one is concerned for the health of others. Moreover, even sometimes knowingly or unknowingly we try to avoid circumstances, which can cause great danger to our life as well as to others also. And one of such danger is biomedical hazards.
Whenever we get ill, we use to run to the hospitals for treatment. And for diagnosis certain test is conducted or sometimes we get hospitalize. But ever we tried to enquire about the different types of wastes which are daily generated from the hospitals or who are the staffs who handle these biomedical waste products. And how much this biomedical waste can be dangerous to human beings and also to the environment. And how this waste is treated before dumping and where they dumped it.
The Honorable Supreme Court of India in Dr. B.L. Wadehra versus Union of India and Others, (1996) 2SCC 594, has discussed about the different types of waste generated from the Industries and Hospitals and how they were treated. In this case, Supreme Court said that it is the constitutional right of the citizen to have pollution free air, water and to live in a clean city. In addition, certain direction were even given to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi and New Delhi Municipal Council for the management of solid waste including biomedical waste.
And it was after this case, The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 was enacted on 27th July 1998 under Environment Protection Act, 1986.
Today biomedical waste has become a great concern for the entire environmentalist in the world. Because most of us, use to neglect this issue even though we are aware of the fact that how much it is dangerous, infectious and nuisance. Moreover, the way they are treated, handled and dumped without following the rules mentioned under The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 are more dangerous to life and environment
“Biomedical waste, also known as infectious waste or medical waste is defined as solid waste generated during the diagnosis, testing, treatment, research or production of biological products for humans or animals. Biomedical waste includes syringes, live vaccines, laboratory samples, body parts, bodily fluids and waste, sharp needles, cultures and lancets. ”
And according to the definition given in the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 “Bio- medical waste means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosed, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological. ”
As per Rule.4 of The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998, “it shall be the duty of the “occupier ” of an institution generating biomedical waste to take all steps to ensure that such waste is handled without any adverse effect to human health and the environment”.
The category of the biomedical waste is mentioned under Schedule 1 of Rule 5. Rule 5 (1) of The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 says about the manner and way how it should be treated and disposed under Schedule I of the same.( Table.1)
Rule 6 of The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 deals with “Segregation, Packing, Transportation and Storage of the biomedical waste ”. Rule 6(1), strictly says that the biomedical waste should not be mixed with other waste. Rule 6(2) says that biomedical waste should be segregated first in accordance to Schedule II of the same and that also prior to its storage, transportation, treatment and disposal. In addition, the container should be labeled according to Schedule III. The Chart for Categories of Biomedical Waste is given under Table-1 and the chart for Colour Coding And Type Of Container For Disposal Of Biomedical Wastes is given under Table-2.
CATEGORIES OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten
COLOUR CODING AND TYPE OF CONTAINER FOR DISPOSAL OF BIOMEDICAL WASTES
Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten
 Sacchidananda Mukherjee and Debasis Chakraborty,” Environmental Scenario in India: Successes and Predicaments” ( Abingdon: Routledge, 2012), 189
 Dr. P.S. Jaswal and Dr. Nishtha Jaswal,”Enviromental Law”3rd Edn,(Faridabad: Allahabad Law Agency,2009),169
 Yamini Ugender, “Biomedical Waste Definition”, eHow Contributor, http://www.ehow.com/about_5452204_biomedical-waste-definition.html(accessed August 21, 2014)
 Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 http://envfor.nic.in/legis/hsm/biomed.html (accessed August 21, 2014)
 Ibid., See.Rule 3(4) for definition of Occupier
 Dr. P.S. Jaswal and Dr. Nishtha Jaswal,”Enviromental Law”3rd Edn,(Faridabad: Allahabad Law Agency,2009),429
 Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998, Rule 6.
http://envfor.nic.in/legis/hsm/biomed.html (accessed August 21, 2014)
 Ibid. Schedule I of Rule 5.
 Ibid., Schedule II, Rule 6
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